Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects. Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years.
Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in the early to mid-40s. Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease, and it cannot be prevented.
Some signs of presbyopia include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm's length, blurred vision at normal reading distance and eye fatigue along with headaches when doing close work. A comprehensive optometric examination will include testing for presbyopia.
People with presbyopia usually need treatment for both close-up vision and distance vision. Typically, eyeglasses and contacts are the common choices due to their affordability, availability, and convenience. A few surgical procedures are available, and several more are still undergoing trials. There are a number of different treatment options to presbyopia, like spectacles, contact lenses and refractive surgery.